Populism in developed countries

Zurita Victor (2017) Populism in developed countries. Faculty of International Management and Business.

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Abstract

The aim of this document is to understand why populist theses have been successful in the recent years in developed countries such as the United States of America with the election of Donald J Trump as president, and the United Kingdom with a majority of the population voting to leave the European Union. The analysis was divided in four different categories: the economy, the education, the media and the political, social or cultural joint, in order to fact-check the statements issued by the populist campaigners and prove if they were meaningful enough to support their predicaments. Most figures and relevant data were collected from exit polls carried out in the latest US presidential election and the EU-remain referendum in the UK, as well as from the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and other sources. Along with other research conducted by scholars from Harvard Kennedy School, the findings of this document suggest that the generational gap is the most important factor that drives a population to support populist ideologies in the developed world. Old uneducated white individuals are likely to support right-wing populist politicians over younger generations. The second most important factor is the level of education of the voter. It was found that the uneducated voters were more likely to support a populist theory than those who possess a diploma from the university. The influence of the media in the support of a specific politician is indeed a fact, but there are records that show a declining trust in what is shown by the mainstream media in developed countries. The economical factor is not a heavy-weight reason to back up the speech of the populist leaders due to relatively good economic performances in their home countries. 2 Current issues like migration, national security and sovereignty worry the people living in developed countries and serve as a conduit to create a bond between the electors and the populist leaders. The analysis concludes that, in developed countries, the feeling of nostalgia from past glories from older generations overcomes the rationality of thinking ahead and in the globalization trends happening in the rest of the world, and mainly due to this which is directly correlated with the generational gap is why people have shown their support to populist ideologies in the recent years.

Hungarian title

Populizmus a fejlett országokban

English title

Populism in developed countries

Institution

Budapest Business School

Kar

Faculty of International Management and Business

Department

Nemzetközi és Európa-tanulmányok Intézeti Tanszék

Tudományterület/tudományág

UNSPECIFIED

Szak

Nemzetközi kapcsolatok

Supervisors

Konzulens neveKonzulens típusaAssignment, Scientific qualification, InstitutionEmail
Dr. Szilagyi JuditUNSPECIFIEDUNSPECIFIEDSzilagyi.Judit@uni-bge.hu

Item Type: Thesis (UNSPECIFIED)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Populizmus, USA, Egyesült Királyság, Brexit, Donald Trump
Depositing User: Hegedűsné Orbán Éva
Date Deposited: 2017. May. 02. 13:55
Last Modified: 2017. Nov. 28. 12:12

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